21 October 2013

With several large bushfires continuing across the State and hot windy conditions forecasted for this week, NSW Health is urging people to take caution in the face of decreasing air quality.

The Office of Environment and Heritage (OEH) air quality measurements show that there is an increase in particulate air pollution in NSW, with many areas experiencing poor to very poor air quality. This increase is from bushfires that may be hundreds of kilometres away.

Professor Wayne Smith, Director Environmental Health Branch, NSW Health, warned that those with lung disease and heart disease should closely monitor their symptoms.

“Bushfires can result in a large amount of smoke particles in the air, even great distances from the fires.” Professor Smith said. “Smoke levels are likely to be higher outdoors than indoors, so sensitive people to should limit the time they spend outside.”

Smoke particles can cause a variety of health problems, such as itchy or burning eyes, throat irritation or runny nose and aggravate existing illnesses including bronchitis, emphysema and asthma.

NSW Health reminds people that children, older adults and people with heart and lung conditions are most susceptible to the effects of air pollution.

“The best way to avoid breathing in the smoke is to remain inside with the windows and doors closed, preferably in an air-conditioned building.”

During the past few days there has been a small increase in the number of asthma sufferers presenting to Emergency Departments with breathing problems across the Sydney metropolitan area.

Asthma sufferers need to follow their Asthma Action Plan and take their relieving medication where necessary. If symptoms get worse, asthma sufferers need to seek medical advice.

“Fine particles can also irritate the lungs of healthy adults, so it is best to avoid any prolonged outdoor exercise,” Professor Smith said.

Further information on maintaining health during bushfires can be found at

Further information on bushfire smoke and health can be found at

Air quality alerts can be requested via SMS or email by visiting the Office of Environment and Heritage website and subscribing to Air Quality Index daily forecasts.

For local air quality forecasts and hourly air quality updates, visit the Office of Environment and Heritage website: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/aqms/index.htm

For more information about air pollution and health, visit the NSW Health website: